Emergency Medical Technicians provide out of hospital emergency medical care and transportation for critical and emergent patients who access the emergency medical services (EMS) system. EMTs have the basic knowledge and skills necessary to stabilize and safely transport patients ranging from non-emergency and routine medical transports to life threatening emergencies. Emergency Medical Technicians function as part of a comprehensive EMS response system, under medical oversight. Emergency Medical Technicians perform interventions with the basic equipment typically found on an ambulance. Emergency Medical Technicians are a critical link between the scene of an emergency and the health care system.
[From the: National EMS Scope of Practice Model]
People's lives often depend on the quick reaction and competent care of Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs). Using pre-determined protocols, EMTs provide emergency care and transport patients to medical facilities. EMTs operate in emergency medical services systems where a physician provides medical direction and oversight.
The EMT-Basic: National Standard Curriculum is a core curriculum of minimum required information, to be presented within a minimum 119-hour training program. It is recognized that there is additional specific education that will be required of EMT-Basics who operate in the field, i.e. ambulance driver training, heavy and light rescue, basic extrication, special needs, and so on. It is also recognized that this information might differ from locality to locality, and that each training program, or system should identify and provide special training requirements. This curriculum is intended to prepare a medically competent EMT-Basic to operate in the field. Enrichment programs and continuing education will help fulfill other specific needs for the EMT-Basic's education.
Individuals applying for the Emergency Medical Technician national certification must meet the following requirements: